NGINX Ingress Controller with HAProxy for k8s cluster

$ kubectl patch svc <application-name> -n <name-of-namespace> -p ‘{“spec”: {“type”: “LoadBalancer”, “externalIPs”:[“<haproxy-ip-address>”]}}’

What is ingress controller ?

Updates to cluster

  • Create VMs
  • Setup SSH connection
  • Use KubeSpray to deploy cluster
  • Create HAProxy and establish SSH connection with all nodes.
  • Enable ingress controller from inventory file inside KubeSpray
$ vim inventory/mycluster/group_vars/k8s-cluster/addons.yml
# Nginx ingress controller deployment
ingress_nginx_enabled: false -> true
$ ansible-playbook -i inventory/mycluster/hosts.yaml — become — become-user=root cluster.yml
  • Include Ingress API object to route traffic from external HAProxy server to internal services
$ vim /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfgfrontend kubernetes-ingress-http
bind *:80
default_backend kubernetes-worker-nodes-http
backend kubernetes-worker-nodes-http
balance leastconn
option tcp-check
server worker1 check fall 3 rise 2
server worker2 check fall 3 rise 2
server worker3 check fall 3 rise 2
  • Setup NGINX Ingress Controller
NGINX Ingress Controller
Overview of HA Kubernetes Cluster
Overview of HA k8s cluster

Steps to create NGINX Ingress controller

  • Clone Ingress Controller Repo
$ git clone
$ cd kubernetes-ingress
  • Create a namespace and a service account for the Ingress controller
$ kubectl apply -f common/ns-and-sa.yaml
  • Create a cluster role and cluster role binding for the service account
$ kubectl apply -f rbac/rbac.yaml
  • Create a secret with a TLS certificate and a key for the default server in NGINX
$ kubectl apply -f common/default-server-secret.yaml
$ kubectl apply -f common/nginx-config.yaml
$ kubectl apply -f daemon-set/nginx-ingress.yaml
pod/nginx-ingress-47z8r 1/1 Running 0 24h
pod/nginx-ingress-cmkfq 1/1 Running 0 24h
pod/nginx-ingress-ft5pv 1/1 Running 0 24h
pod/nginx-ingress-q554l 1/1 Running 0 24h
pod/nginx-ingress-ssdrj 1/1 Running 0 24h
pod/nginx-ingress-t9jml 1/1 Running 0 24h
daemonset.apps/nginx-ingress 6 6 6 6 6 <none> 24h

Deploy Example Application

  • Create a sample NGINX Web Server (Using provided example)
Example NGINX Deployment
$ kubectl apply -f or you can do same thing with local file as given below$ kubectl apply -f nginx-deploy-main.yml
$ kubectl expose deploy nginx-deployment --port 80
Ingress Ruleset
Ingress rules for different services
$ kubectl create -f nginx-ingress-resource.yml
Example NGINX Web Server Deployment Result




Software Engineer at Aalborg University, Denmark

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Ahmet Türkmen

Ahmet Türkmen

Software Engineer at Aalborg University, Denmark

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